My Medical Suitcase RADIOTHERAPY

What is Radiation Therapy?

Radiation therapy is one of the most effective treatments for cancer.

One in two cancer patients will receive radiation therapy during their illness.

It can be used in the following ways:

  • Primary: In this case radiotherapy is the main treatment for the patient’s cancer.
  • Adjuvant: After surgery to decrease the risk of recurrence.
  • Neoadjuvant : Before surgery to facilitate the resection and reduce the risk of recurrence.
  • Symptomatic: To reduce certain cancer-related side effects: pain, bleeding and other symptoms.

Radiotherapy can be used alone or as a concurrent treatment in combination with surgery or other methods, such as chemotherapy.

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Radiotherapy makes it possible to precisely target the tumour while preserving the healthy tissue and at risk organs as much as possible. Healthy cells surrounding the tumour may be affected by radiation exposure, but their resistance and regenerative capacity allows them to quickly recover.

Radiotherapy makes it possible to precisely target the tumour while preserving the healthy tissue and at risk organs as much as possible. Healthy cells surrounding the tumour may be affected by radiation exposure, but their resistance and regenerative capacity allows them to quickly recover.

In contrast, healthy cells will repair these breaks and therefore survive. This is called the differential effect and it is why radiation therapy works.

The death of cancer cells caused by radiation therapy also allows the immune system to recognize the cancer and fight the spread of the cancer.

Numerous association trials between immunotherapy and radiotherapy based on this principle are currently underway.

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